Referencing Help


Referencing plays a significant role in any kind of academic writing and, as a result, you need to clearly understand its formatting. Referencing is a system through which you acknowledge any sources that you have cited in the course of your assignment; you may have quoted directly or paraphrased. All referencing is generally done in alphabetic order.

Advantages of Referencing:-
Referencing proved to the reader that you have done your assignment and researched properly from respected sources and that some of your information come from respected books, journals, and other published sources. It also shows what information you have used or you want to share in your paper. It will also ensure that your assignments have been done correctly and that you don’t get accused of plagiarism when you quote other authors.

Types of Referencing
There may be a number of different referencing styles but below are the most commonly accepted ones.

Harvard Referencing
Inline: (Forbes 2014).

Main ref (Website): Forbes 2014, Capturing the Hispanic market will require more than a total market strategy, viewed on 20th June 2014,

Main ref (Journals): Stamatis D.H.2002, Six Sigma and beyond-foundation of excellent performance. American Pharmaceutical Review, Vol 7, Issue 6 pp:3-9

Book: Araujo L. and Gava R. 2012, Proactive companies: How to anticipate market changes, Macmillan Publishers: England

APA Referencing
Inline citation: (Henderson, Summer & Raj, 2004).

Main Ref (Website): Henderson, P. Summer, S. Raj, T. (2004).Developing Healthier Communities: An Introductory Course for People Using Community Development Approaches to Improve Health and Tackle Health Inequalities. Retrieved on 24/05/2014,

Journals: Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: towards a unifying theory of behavioral change, Psychological Review, Vol 64, Issue 2, pp:191–215.

Book: World Health Organization.(1986) Regional office for Europe. Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, Geneva

MLA Referencing
Inline citation: (Fellows, 2010)


Chicago Referencing
Inline citation: (Morgan and Thompson 1998, 243).

Website: McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts,” McDonald’s Corporation, accessed July 19, 2008,

Journal: Joshua I. Weinstein, “The Market in Plato’s Republic,” Classical Philology, 104(2009): 440.

Book: Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns, The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945 (New York: Knopf, 2007), 52

Vancouver Referencing
Inline citation: Warwick, Alt and King and Warwick and Easton (7-9)

Website: Atherton, J., Behaviour modification [Internet]. 2010 [updated 2010 Feb 10; cited 2010 Apr 10]. Available from:

Journal: Snowdon J. Severe depression in old age. Medicine Today. 2002 Dec;3 (12):40-47.

Book: Cheers B, Darracott R, Lonne B. Social care practice in rural communities. Sydney: The Federation Press; 2007

IEEE Referencing
Inline citation: [7, pp.20-39]

Website: R. J. Vidmar. (1994). On the use of atmospheric plasmas as electromagnetic reflectors [Online]. Available FTP: Directory: pub/etext/1994 File: atmosplasma.txt

Journal: Ye. V. Lavrova, “Geographic distribution of ionospheric disturbances in the F2 layer,” Tr. IZMIRAN, vol. 19, no. 29, pp. 31–43, 1961 (Transl.: E. R. Hope, Directorate of Scientific Information Services, Defence Research Board of Canada, Rep. T384R, Apr. 1963).

Book: L. Stein, “Random patterns,” in Computers and You, J. S. Brake, Ed. New York: Wiley, 1994, pp. 55-70

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